by Groupe Renault

On the way towards a sustainable mobility

How can low-emission vehicles contribute to the French energy transition and the national low-carbon strategy? What are the benefits for the economy, and under what conditions? How can France and its territories improve air quality? In order to discuss these questions, the project “En route pour un transport durable” brought together industry and civil society. Renault was among those representing the automotive industry to provide a valuable expertise on technological aspects. The work has helped quantify the likely impact on the French economy of the transition towards more energy-efficient light-duty vehicles, principally fuelled by electricity from renewable energies and by hydrogen.

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France can boost its growth by 0.2% and create 66 000 jobs by 2030, including in the car industry.

The smart deployment of low-carbon car technologies would allow a reduction of French spending on oil imports of €5.9 bln per year in 2030. The transition to mobility fuelled by a growing share of electricity, for example from renewable sources, and hydrogen produced locally would bring important economic benefits for France.

These are the main conclusions from a new study "En route pour un transport durable" published today and conducted by a group of French and European entreprises and NGOs. The technical analysis has been conducted by Element Energy and Artelys and the economic modelling by Cambridge Econometrics.

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Key findings :
  • Total annualised cost of mitigation technologies across French light duty vehicle fleet in 2030: €6.1 bln (this spending is of course a revenue for the automotive value chain)
  • Total reduction in annual energy costs across French light duty vehicle fleet in 2030: €12.4 bln. (€591 per motorist per year (if energy taxation approach unchanged. Based on IEA oil price projections))
  • Annual reduction in French spending on oil imports in 2030: €5.9 bln
  • Reduction in annual revenues for the French refining sector: €470 mln
  • Increase in annual revenues for French producers of electricity and hydrogen: €3.1 bln
  • Net employment impact: 66,000 – 71,000 net additional jobs in 2030 (split 50/50 between automotive value chain and wider economy), (the range represents different approaches to handling the tax shortfall that results from lower tax revenues on fossil fuels)
  • Reduction in CO2 in 2030 (vs 2015): 40%
  • Reduction in Nox in 2030 (vs 2015): 72%
  • Reduction in particulate matter in 2030 (vs 2015): 92%
  • Annualised cost of reinforcing French electricity distribution network to allow EV integration: €150 mln in 2030 in dumb charging scenario, or €10 mln in smart charging scenario (cost of smart charging infrastructure = €90 mln)
  • Annualised potential benefits from EV integration in French electricity grid in 2030: €240 mln (from short-term reserve, response and avoided curtailment)
  • Maximum number of e-drive vehicles that can be deployed without increasing demand for generating capacity: 4 million in 2030 (>20 million with smart charging)

The full technical report can also be downloaded as a PDF here.

The technical report on electric vehicles and synergies with the electricity system can also be downloaded as a pdf here.

Tags: CO2 COP21 ev ze zoe